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锅炉为什么要使用软化水

核[object Object]提示:[object Object]经[object Object]软化[object Object]水[object Object]易于结垢[object Object]由于蒸汽[object Object]断蒸发[object Object]锅炉内水[object Object]钙、镁、杂质浓度非[object Object]高——[object Object]自[object Object]水[object Object] 30 — 50 倍[object Object]其结垢[object Object]速度超[object Object][object Object]我[object Object][object Object]想象[object Object][object Object]需半[object Object]至[object Object][object Object][object Object][object Object][object Object]结垢 1 — 2mm [object Object]水垢[object Object]危害极[object Object][object Object]严重[object Object][object Object][object Object]引起锅炉爆裂[object Object]水垢[object Object]金属[object Object]导热性能[object Object]比[object Object]
水垢导热性能[object Object][object Object]金属[object Object] 0.5% 左右[object Object][object Object]锅炉结垢[object Object][object Object]要想达[object Object][object Object]水垢[object Object][object Object]热效[object Object][object Object]要提高受热面[object Object]温度[object Object][object Object]:炉壁温[object Object] 250 ℃[object Object] [object Object]结垢 1mm [object Object][object Object]要达[object Object]同[object Object][object Object]热效[object Object]壁温要提高[object Object] 650 ℃[object Object][object Object][object Object]热吸收率极低[object Object]能耗增加[object Object]
1 、水垢主要[object Object]三[object Object]危害:( 1 )减少热吸收[object Object]降低锅炉热效率[object Object]浪费燃料[object Object][object Object][object Object]增加锅炉运行[object Object]本[object Object]
( 2 )结垢导致炉壁温度[object Object]倍升高[object Object]钢材应力破坏[object Object]强度降低[object Object]严重[object Object][object Object]现爆裂[object Object]降低[object Object]使用寿命[object Object]
( 3 )影响蒸汽品质[object Object]使蒸汽[object Object]含钙、镁离[object Object]、易使锅炉配件(安全阀、压力表、压力控制器等)、蒸汽器械([object Object]熨斗等)结水垢、堵塞[object Object]
2 、使用软化水[object Object]三[object Object]理由:( 1 )《蒸汽(热水)锅炉安全技术监察规程》规定所必须[object Object]
( 2 )保持热效、节约燃料、提高蒸汽品质、延[object Object]寿命[object Object]
其炉膛[object Object]般采用 3 — 4mm 厚锅 20# 钢管[object Object]管内[object Object]水[object Object]管外[object Object]火[object Object][object Object]间[object Object][object Object][object Object]管内壁水垢加厚[object Object]管外[object Object]强火焰[object Object]冲刷[object Object](特别[object Object]侧烧立式炉)局部钢管高温[object Object]易造[object Object]钢管爆裂[object Object][object Object]锅炉内[object Object]结构[object Object]原[object Object][object Object]般[object Object][object Object]焊接修复[object Object][object Object]能报废[object Object] [object Object][object Object][object Object][object Object][object Object][object Object][object Object]使水软化[object Object]达[object Object]《锅规》要求[object Object]1 、自[object Object]水[object Object]加入软化剂:依据水质化验结[object Object][object Object]每[object Object]加入适量[object Object]软化剂[object Object][object Object][object Object][object Object]尺度难[object Object]掌握[object Object]且效[object Object][object Object]般[object Object]佳[object Object]
2 、使用全自[object Object]软水处理器:工作原理:用离[object Object]树指[object Object][object Object]吸附水[object Object][object Object]钙、镁离[object Object][object Object][object Object][object Object]达[object Object]理想[object Object]软化水[object Object]目前使
用[object Object]广效[object Object]较[object Object]、经济简便[object Object][object Object]美[object Object]制造[object Object]阿图祖( AUTOTROL )或福莱克( FLECK )全自[object Object]软水处理器[object Object]
建议: 使用美[object Object]全自[object Object]软水处理器[object Object]节约燃料省油省钱 、延[object Object]寿命[object Object]锅炉质量[object Object]保障[object Object]特别[object Object]立式水管锅炉[object Object]要配全自[object Object]水质处理器[object Object] 供应商提供[object Object]资料数据[object Object]否规范真实[object Object] ([object Object]油炉[object Object]例[object Object]并[object Object]耗油量[object Object]基准估算)
额定蒸发量( kg/h )≈耗油量× 14 标准产热量(万[object Object]卡 /h )≈耗油量× 0.9 供应商提供[object Object]证件应包含[object Object][object Object] 8 [object Object]项 :1、[object Object]产厂制造许[object Object]证(复印件)
2 、锅炉安全质量监检证书(原件、复印件[object Object]效)
3 、锅炉质量证明书(原件、复印件[object Object]效)
4 、强度计算书
5 、安全阀排放量计算书
6 、安装使用说明书
7 、总图原件([object Object][object Object]省质技监锅审字第××号[object Object]批准专用章[object Object]复印件[object Object]效)
8 、本体图 锅炉铭牌[object Object]应[object Object]锅检所监检钢印标记[object Object]


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